Ingredients in CosmeticsCosmetics are inseparable from chemicals. But there are chemicals that are safe to use in some extent, and some are poisonous. Chemicals that can still be used, but must be strictly restricted, include mercury, sunscreen active ingredients, and hexachlorophen. Based on the regulation of the Head of the Republic of Indonesia Drug and Food Supervisory Agency (BPOM) number 18 of 2015 regarding the technical requirements of cosmetic ingredients, the ingredients that can be used as cosmetic base ingredients but must be limited are as follows:
- Coal tar if it contains benzo [a] pyrene found in sunscreen.
- Benzalkonium chloride, a maximum of 3% in shampoo and a maximum of 1% in other treatment products.
- Maximum Triclosan 0,3% in powder, shampoo, soap, facial cleanser, toothpaste, deodorant, blemish concealers, and conditioner.
- Maximum triclocarban 1.5%.
- Parabens (propyl, isopropyl, butyl, and isobutyl) a maximum of 0.14%.
- DMDM hydantoin a maximum of 0.6%.
- Bronopol maximum of 0.1%.
- Methylisothiazolinone is a maximum of 0.1%.
- Oxybenzone is a maximum of 10%.
- Zinc 4-hydroxybenzene sulphonate and Zinc phenolsulfonate maximum 6% in facial freshener lotion.
- Formaldehyde (formalin) a maximum of 0.2% except for oral cleaning products. Prohibited from use in cosmetic form of spray. All finished products that contain formaldehyde with levels of more than 0.05% must be labeled 'contain formaldehyde'.
Hazardous ChemicalsBeware of toxic chemicals in various cosmetics that can be dangerous to health. The following is a row of banned cosmetic ingredients:
- Petroleum, except when the entire refining process is known and does not produce a carcinogenic material.
- Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA).
The aroma or fragrance contained in cosmetics is actually not the main ingredient. However, many body care products on the market with certain fragrance or in other words contain fragrance. In fact, chemicals that make fragrance often cause reactions. It's a good idea to consider avoiding products that contain fragrance in the list of compositions.
Additional preservatives in cosmetics must also be of particular concern to consumers. In general, preservatives are used to kill bacteria and extend the life of the product. However, preservatives can irritate the skin or cause allergic reactions, and often cause aromas that some people don't like.
Choose safe and airtight packaging because this kind of packaging makes bacteria unable to multiply. Meanwhile, packaging that is not tightly closed or jar packaging with an open mouth can be contaminated by bacteria. If it has been contaminated with microorganisms, such as bacteria or fungi, cosmetics can be dangerous to use. In addition to poor packaging factors, the product can also be contaminated by microorganisms if:
- The storage and shipping process is not good.
- The product contains material that can trigger the growth of microorganisms, due to not using effective and safe preservatives.
- The condition of the factory is not good.
- Products are contaminated with other materials due to unhygienic use processes, for example dipping fingers into the product.
Tips for Using CosmeticsIn addition to avoiding dangerous cosmetics and toxic chemicals, you are advised to follow the following tips for using good and safe cosmetics:
- Wash your hands thoroughly before using cosmetics, especially if you need to put your finger in a cosmetic container.
- Take care of cosmetics, such as mascara, so it is not contaminated with water or saliva because it can invite bacteria. Therefore, never moisturize dry mascara with your saliva.
- After using cosmetics, store well in a cool, dry place, because a place that is too warm and damp can encourage the growth of microorganisms.
- Look for information about your favorite products. Does the product have a BPOM certificate or even enter the list of banned and withdrawn products from the market.
- Avoid coloring the eyelashes permanently because it can cause damage to the eyes if not done properly.
- Do not use cosmetics that are stored too long. Remove after a few months.
- Do not share wear or lend cosmetics to others.
- Before going to bed, clean your face of makeup.